Class Notes (836,068)
Canada (509,612)
HLTH 323 (33)

Health Promotion, week 1.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Health Studies
HLTH 323
Stevenson Fergus

Health Promotion  2 Views of Health Promotion o Individual Focus  Key aim is to inform people about how behaviour and lifestyle affect their health  Helping change behaviour  Informing  Changing attitudes and values o Policy Level Focus  Raise awareness  Socioeconomic policies at national and local levels  How certain policies are not helping towards good health  Changing these policies  Trying to benefit everyone  Helping minority groups Philosophies of Health Promotion  Medical Approach o Medical intervention o Testing o Curing disease  Behaviour Change Approach o Change attitudes and beliefs  Eg becoming more physically active  Using condoms o Ethical concern  We are not experts  We have no right to try and change someone  Educational Approach o Providing information  Client Centered Approach o Working with individuals and their beliefs o Specific clients with specific needs  Self empowerment  Societal Change Approach o Policy change o Change attitude in culture as a whole  Eclectic Approach o Variety of methods o Different for everyone o Based on resources and the type of society Pre -1980’s Health Education  1950 was Medical Approach o Providing vaccines  Focused on individuals o Providing people with knowledge  Telling people what is bad o Focus on changes in behaviour and attitudes  Criticism o Ignores social factors  The burden was on the individual o Assumes individual agency  Assumes people can act on their own  People may be dependant on others  Need a better environment o Blaming the victim o Not successful for those without resources 1974 – Lalonde Report  Internationally influential  Introduced o Health Field Concept – 4 Factors to Health  Human biology  Environment  Lifestyle  Health care organization  How we actually provide health care to people  Emphasis on prevention o Cheaper on the health care system to prevent disease o Using Canadian money efficiently 1978 – WHO Declaration of Alma – Ata  Primary Health Care o Prevention AND health promotion, rehabilitation o Local characteristics  Community and individual participation are key  Doctors aren’t enough to fix health problems o Includes many different sectors  Not just health  Health declared as a human right  Governments are now responsible for health 1986 – Epp Report – Achieving Health for All – Health Promotion  Jake Epp (National Health and Welfare – Canada) o Called for greater emphasis on health promotion  3 Challenges for Health Promotion o Reducing Inequities  Socioeconomic status  Minority status  Class, race  Reducing the differences between groups o Increasing Prevention Effort
More Less

Related notes for HLTH 323

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.