LLCU 110 Lecture 5: Linguistic typology (Week 3A)

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Languages, Literatures and Cultures
LLCU 110
Bronwyn Bjorkman

Linguistic typology Tuesday, January 24, 2017 12:50 PM Linguistic Relatedness and Language Families Although Chinese and Japanese use very similar writing systems, they are not from the same Language family The more densely people live, the more variation there is in the languagesdialects they speak. Typology Looking across languages. Big question: what types of relationships exist between languages? Family relationships Nongenetic similarities: linguistic typology o What types of languages are common? o What types of languages are rare? o Are there any types of languages that are impossible? First Case study: analytic vs. synthetic languages Putting morphemes into words Smallest unit of sound which holds meaning Usually 12 morphemes per word in English Antidisestablishmentarianism Analytic E.g. French Example: Polysynthetic in Inuktitut
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