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Class Notes for Linguistics at Queen's University

LING 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Part Of Speech, Affix, Hela

Morphology Morphemes = the smallest meaningful units of language. Cannot be decomposed into smaller parts (without a loss of meaning). Morphology = the study of morphemes What kinds of morphemes occur in natural l...

Linguistics
LING 100
Charlotte Reinholtz
LING 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Bound And Unbound Morphemes, Inflection, Grammatical Relation

Inflection & Other Morphological Phenomena Inflectional Morpheme vs. Functional Category Inflectional morphemes and functional categories both mark grammatical functions and relations. They are es...

Linguistics
LING 100
Charlotte Reinholtz
LING 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Part Of Speech, Icicle, English Compound

Compounding Compounds = the word formation process that combines two or more lexical categories to form a complex word base Example: spoonfed, verb. Created from the noun spoon and the verb fed ...

Linguistics
LING 100
Charlotte Reinholtz
LING 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Affix, Inflection, Phonological Change

Derivation Derivation = a process that changes word meaning and category There are two modes of derivation: Morphological Derivation = deviation that changes the word meaning and/or category Re...

Linguistics
LING 100
Charlotte Reinholtz
LING 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Romance Languages, Speech Community, Germanic Languages

LING 100 002 The Study of Language Natural Language = a speech community where people are raised with that language as their first language o Technically it doesnt have to be a real (or noninvented) language, as long as i...

Linguistics
LING 100
Charlotte Reinholtz
LING 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Adverb, Broccoli, Ditransitive Verb

LING 100 002 Grammar Basics Word Structure Semantic Composition of Sentences Sentence = a string of words that express a proposition Proposition = a state, event, or action involving one or more participants State: Alice...

Linguistics
LING 100
Charlotte Reinholtz
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Canadian Shift, Canadian Raising, Italian Canadians
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Class XIV: February 28th 2018; Ethnolinguistic Patterns, Variation and Change II January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Important Stuff: Research proposal is due Monday. Last Class: Ethnolinguistic variation and change ...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Flag Of Canada, Canadian English, Ethnolinguistics
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Class XIII: February 26th 2018; Ethnolinguistic Patterns, Variation and Change January 3, 2018 2:38 PM This Week: Ethnolinguistic Variation and Change Key concepts and terms Ethnicity in Canada Ethnic v...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Newfoundland English, Ingressive Sound, Fricative Consonant
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Class XVI: March 7th 2018; Regional Variation: Newfoundland January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Newfoundland English Demographics o Provincial pop. ~500,000 o 98% of Newfoundlanders born in Canada o ...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: North Preston, Ethnolect, Canadian English
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Class XV: March 5th 2018; Regional Variation: Nova Scotia Black Loyalists and ANSE January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Previously: Ethnolinguistic variation and change in Canadian English Immigrant groups in Canadian cities...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: International Phonetic Alphabet, English Phonology, Canadian English
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Class VII: January 29th 2018; Canadian English Phonology and Phonetics January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Last Week: Discussed lexical features of Canadian English o Similarities with other varieties due to common inhe...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture 8: Class VIII
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Class VIII: January 31st 2018; Canadian English Phonology and Phonetics II January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Some Notes: phonological differences vs. pronunciation differences phonological differences reflect PATTERNS o e.g. Canadia...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Discourse Marker, Canadian English, Quebec English
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Class XI: February 12th 2018; Canadian English Language Change January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Final Research Project Proposals You MUST meet with Laura before the end of February to discuss your topic Proposal due i...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture 6: Class VI
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Class VI: January 24th 2018; Canadian English Lexicon II January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Dialectology or Dialect Geography The study of regional dialects Geographic distribution of linguistic variation Dialectology Terms: Isogloss...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
LING 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Vowel Shift, Canadian English, Newfoundland English
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Class XII: February 14th 2018; Canadian English Language Change II January 3, 2018 2:38 PM Assignments 2 instructions: Finalize your questionnaire and make copies for distribution Collect data from participants Tabulate yo...

Linguistics
LING 202
Laura Baxter
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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