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MUSC 102 (70)
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MUSC 102
Kip Pegley

19 century • Realism • Nationalism • Exoticism examples: o Verdi – Aida o Gilbert and Sullivan – The Mikado o Puccini - Madama Butterfly • Many of the revolutions failed • painting: “Bonjour, Monsieur Coubet” (1854) by Gustave Coubet Levels of Opera 1. Myth a. Wagner (The Ring Cycle) 2. Middle ground a. Verdi b. Shakespeare 3. Realists a. Puccini (La Bohème, 1896 or Madama Butterfly) Puccini (1858-1924) • Moves to Milan (opera dominant in Milan) • Verisma o realist style o simple plots o no subject too ugly (murder, death, sex/passion etc.) o soaring melodies o doubling and tripling lines o without melody/no music th Reasons for Western Interest in Japan in the late 19 Century 1. Japan was isolated from the West for 200 years; this separation was lifted in 1854 2. Western societies were looking abroad to gain untapped resources in order to fuel their new industrial economies 3. When Japan lowered their boundaries to the West, they became allies of the US in part so both countries could take advantage of China. As a result, American men had new access to Japanese women o American men allowed to engage in temporary marriages with the Japanese women o Men could annul marriage once they left, but women were bound to their husbands o Japan hoping for more American men to stay in Japan and keep money in Japan 4. Here were two World Fairs held in Paris in 1867 and 1889. Many composers heard East Asian music for the first time and were totally enthralled by these new sounds. “Japanamania” • Takes place 1880’s and beyond • Especially prominent in England • Obsession/fascination with everything Japanese • Gilbert and Sullivan (English)– The Mikado o Spoof of Japan, making fun of Japanamania o Big hit o Three Little Maids Madama Butterfly (pg. 206) by Puccini • Premiered in 1904 – disaster as same melodies already heard in Boheme • Eventually became one of the most
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