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Lecture 23

MUSC 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Tintinnabuli, Medieval Music, Early Music

Course Code
MUSC 102
Peter Freeman

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Avro Part (b. 1935)
- Born in Estonia, then part of the Soviet Union
- His early music was very Modernist, even avant-garde, which
was unpopular with Soviet authorities
- In 1971, he began studying Medieval music, and his style
became simpler and more delicate
- His new style of music is what he calls
, “like the
ringing of the bells.”
- He is highly religious (Russian Orthodox), and his music blends
the processes of Minimalism with the ethereal qualities of
religious music
- Listening:
Fur Alina (1989).
This is a delicate work for solo piano.
It seems simple, but it has a complex developmental process and
is di3cult to perform in such a way as to produce the proper
balance of sound. Individual notes are added to each bar until it
reaches a maximum of seven notes per bar, then it reduces back
to down to one.
Ambient Music
- Ambient music features some similarities to Minimalism through
its use of drones, repetition, and an attention to the aural
ambience of the music
- Usually produced with electronic instruments
- Like Minimalism, it is often more about the process of how the
music works itself out.
- Popularized by English musician Brian Eno, it also had an impact
on dance and rock music through the music of artists like Aphex
- Listening: “An Ending” from
Apollo: Atmospheres and
This was originally written for a documentary called
Apollo.” The piece features chords and textures that unfold
gradually and often overlap before they fully resolve. The album
was produced by Eno and Canadian musician Daniel Lanois.
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