Class Notes (839,087)
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Music (242)
MUSC 171 (113)
Kip Pegley (78)

Lecture 2

5 Pages

Course Code
MUSC 171
Kip Pegley

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th Sept 16 Thomas Edison and the Tinfoil Cylinder • Invented in 1877 • Intended to function as an office machine initially Alexander Graham Bell • Used wax coated cardboard cylinders (as opposed to tinfoil) Lewis Glass • “The Father of the Juke Box” (invented nickel-in-the-slot phonograph) Emile Berliner with Phonograph • Initiated transition from phonograph cylinders to gramophone records o Round and flat o Disk “stamper” o Disks were then made of rubberlater Shellac records Therefore, the evolution of materials was as follows: Tinfoil wrapped wax coating rubber disks Victor Talking Machine Company - leading American producer of phonographs and phonograph records and one of the leading phonograph companies in the world at the time - Berliner’s “Little Nipper” company logo of a dog (helped people cope with anxiety of new technology) - Copyright Act (1909) - American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) 1949  performing rights society (Did not want country or black music represented)  published sheet music for Tin Pan Alley o Protect artists from infringement Tin Pan Alley 1. An era lasting from the 1890’s -1950’s 2. Name of street in NYC (lots of upright pianos in publishing houses with a “tinny” sound) 3. Part of music industry devoted to the production, promotion and sale of popular song 4. A type of song written in the 1890’s-1950’s (32 or 16 bars) • Sheet music intended to be performed at homes (many people had pianos at home) and Vaudeville (variety show which included many acts that didn’t necessary fit together in a theme) popularized the music of Tin Pan Alley o Publishers hired “song pluggers” (payola) • 1920, 1930’s Broadway Rock and Roll Tin Pan Alley • In 1880, 45,000 pianos manufactured and sold Record Publishing companies houses • Sheet music was business • Replaced by Rock and Roll & television “I Get a Kick out of you” --- Ethel Merman (1934) ***Refer to Journal*** - High-end emphasis - Refrain (repeated text, precursor to a chorus, usually contains title) - Very clear enunciation and dictation
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