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3) PHIL 115 Week Three.docx

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Queen's University
PHIL 115

WEEK THREE: Lecture One – Mills: - The power of the parent over the child is overdone, misplaced and it’s a problem. - We should think of parenting in general more as a matter of obligation as opposed to a matter of rights. - All human rights entail obligations and vice versa; parenting has more obligations then rights. - Mills believes that parents have an obligation to provide for children’s education up to a certain standard. - Mills on Education - Mills questions the validity of a public education system over a private. - Mills believes that the public education system is a breeding ground for conformity and forces society into a homogenous belief system. - Regarding the curriculum in public schools, Mills believes that schools should only teach ideas that are devoid of controversy. - These ideas should be reserved for a later time when students reach an age of intellectual maturity. - At that point it is difficult to learn new ideas if you already have preconceived notions pertaining to them. - This is another thing that will lead to conformity. - Mills remains suspicious of the potential size and reach of the institution of government, as such, he would prefer the government remain as libertarian as possible in terms of education. - Mills on the Subjection of Women - Mills recognizes that it will be very difficult to get his readers to open their minds to the rights of women. - The general opinion at the time was that women were naturally subordinate to men. - Mills believes that we need to apply a utilitarian standard to advance this argument. - To start, he compares the status of women in society to that of slaves in society and asks, who has it better? - Slaves are kept in blatant oppression; no slave owner ever attempted to justify slavery to the slaves themselves. - Women however are taught to believe that their position is natural and morally appropriate. - Slaves are better off in a few respects. - Slaves do not have to be slaves all the time; women will never stop being female. - He says that might generally precedes right. - Might and power usually comes with money; money and power attract people, this gives one control and they can establish a system to their pleasing; right. - Mills states that we could never empirically prove that there are legitimate differences between the male and female brain. - Just because a woman is action in a certain way, does not mean that this is hard wired. - What are the rights and obligations that occur within marriage? - There is an unequal distribution of rights and obligations. - The wife has the legal status of a slave to the husband. - Throughout most of western history, the women had no right to divorce; if she left without a divorce she would be left essentially destitute. - Even if the wife leaves the husband, he is able to coerce her to come back to the house. - The only circumstance in which the woman can apply for divorce is if the husband commits adultery. - Mills recognizes that not all marriages are bad, but you should create marital law should be adapted to poor marital relationships in the same way we base our laws off of criminal behavior. - The reason it is so difficult to change these laws is because men are in power, have power and don’t want to give it up. - Mills believes that women should be allowed to enter into professions as he believes that women are of equal intelligence and work ethic to men. Lecture Two – Mills Continued: * Provide a critique of any one argument of Mill’s arguments in On Liberty. 600 words. - Are there any reasons to exclude women from the workplace? - Mills responds with a no, however the traditional argument states that women “on average” are less intellectually capable then doing work than men. - Mills takes issue from the beginning with the use of the phrase “on average” as this shows that there are at least a few exceptions to this rule. - Mills asks that if there are at least s
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