Philosophy 115 Week Eleven
Existentialism and Phenomenology:
- Marcel explores a branch of philosophy called existentialism, essentially the study
of the human condition and our purpose/existence.
- Phenomenology is the method of describing what one sees in the most painstaking
and detailed manner while “bracketing” as many of your beliefs and cultural ideas
- Phenomenology is the philosophical study of the structures of subjective
experience and consciousness.
- Phenomenologists are supposed to focus solely on clear and distinct ideas and are
not to allow personal bias to cloud their judgment – this is not possible.
- The object of awareness – anything a person is conscious of – is a phenomenon.
Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973):
- Abstraction – which is always abstraction from an embodied, concrete existence –
can overcome our concrete existence.
- We may come to view abstracted elements of existence as if they were
- Gabriel Marcel’s “Spirit of Abstraction” refers to his conception that the mind,
yielding to a sort of fascination, ceases to be aware of these prior conditions that