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Week1.docx

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Department
Philosophy
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PHIL 115
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Prof.

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Week 1 10/01/2013 06:26:00 T. Hobbes, 1588-1679 J. Locke, 1632-1704 J.J. Rousseau, 1712-1778 I. Kant, 1724-1804 J.S. Mill, 1806-1873 The Attributes of John Stuart Mill and all above Foundationalism Liberalism Utilitarianism Mill will reply to Kant’s moral philosophy with his moral theory of utilitarianism. It serves as an alternative to Kantian deontology. John Stuart Mill  What matters is the consequences of our actions, not the intent behind our actions.  Justification for a negative consequence cannot be a good-willed intent.  These consequences of our actions affect other people, so to disregard them completely is amoral.  Jeremy Bantham was the first to bring about utilitarianism.  Utilitarianism purports that an action is morally right based on the net utility it produces and a minimal amount of human suffering.  If we want to create a just society, one that uses utilitarian ethics would be most sound.  It leads to a liberal democracy. Mill was a proponent of liberalism, which th was created in the 18 century.  The purpose of the government is not to re-invent human nature, but to make human relations more rational, free, and peaceful  In order to create this, there must be a foundation of the philosophy of human nature. The Liberal State  The state must be neutral on the stanc
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