PHIL 115 Lecture Notes - Religious Text

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
Queen's University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 115
Professor
Philosophy 115 Week Eight Notes
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900):
- Strong Christian upbringing, father was in the clergy.
- Expected to follow in his father’s footsteps.
- Both his father and his brother passed away while he was young.
- He was raised by his mother and had a troubled relationship with his sister.
- Never earned much notoriety within his life.
- Worked in a teaching position in Sweden for ten years until he took his permanent
medical leave.
- Never had a real home moved around a lot due to medical reasons and never
had much of a romantic life either.
- His writing style was quite unique.
- He had a purposefully excessive, literary, rhetorical writing style.
- Nietzsche believed philosophy was “the personal confession of the
individual thinker”.
- He is very particular about expressing his ideas as his ideas.
Twilight of the Idols:
- Twilight of the Idols addresses the issue of a lack of conviction among the then
current citizens.
- The name of the book is in reference to the “setting of the sun” on convictions.
- “Idols” refers to the old ideals. This ideals are outmoded, archaic and do not stand
up.
- Our ideals from the past have degraded into what Nietzsche calls “Idols”.
- Nietzsche summarizes our ideas under the banner of nihilism; essentially we
believe in nothing.
- He believes that for the most part, we don’t even like new ideas. The lack of
support for our various philosophical ideas is astonishing.
- The sun is setting, but Nietzsche believes that we can get in front of this and the
sun will rise again.
- We need to establish a new set of values.
- For Nietzsche, it is the job of the philosopher to establish which of our old ideals
are still relevant and still ring true and which are outmoded and need to be
replaced by new methods.
- Philosopher requires different traits; skills of a historian, mind of a poet,
temperament of a scientist and should be written in the spirit of music.
- Nietzsche is going to examine he roots of the fundamental ideas of our society
such as, the value of truth and our egalitarian position.
- He believed that we should be skeptical of all philosophical ideas stemming from
Socrates, right through to the present.
- Nietzsche observes that our intuition is derived from our culture, they begin as
something that is intended and was conscious, over time our intuition developed
as our culture became increasingly natural.
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Document Summary

Strong christian upbringing, father was in the clergy. Expected to follow in his father"s footsteps. Both his father and his brother passed away while he was young. He was raised by his mother and had a troubled relationship with his sister. Never earned much notoriety within his life. Worked in a teaching position in sweden for ten years until he took his permanent medical leave. Never had a real home moved around a lot due to medical reasons and never had much of a romantic life either. He had a purposefully excessive, literary, rhetorical writing style. Nietzsche believed philosophy was the personal confession of the individual thinker . He is very particular about expressing his ideas as his ideas. Twilight of the idols addresses the issue of a lack of conviction among the then current citizens. The name of the book is in reference to the setting of the sun on convictions.

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