PHIL 115 Lecture Notes - Foundationalism, Kantian Ethics, Liberal Democracy

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Queen's University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 115
Professor
Week 1 10/01/2013 06:26:00
T. Hobbes, 1588-1679
J. Locke, 1632-1704
J.J. Rousseau, 1712-1778
I. Kant, 1724-1804
J.S. Mill, 1806-1873
The Attributes of John Stuart Mill and all above
Foundationalism
Liberalism
Utilitarianism
Mill will reply to Kant’s moral philosophy with his moral theory of
utilitarianism. It serves as an alternative to Kantian deontology.
John Stuart Mill
What matters is the consequences of our actions, not the intent behind
our actions.
Justification for a negative consequence cannot be a good-willed
intent.
These consequences of our actions affect other people, so to disregard
them completely is amoral.
Jeremy Bantham was the first to bring about utilitarianism.
Utilitarianism purports that an action is morally right based on the net
utility it produces and a minimal amount of human suffering.
If we want to create a just society, one that uses utilitarian ethics would
be most sound.
It leads to a liberal democracy. Mill was a proponent of liberalism, which
was created in the 18th century.
The purpose of the government is not to re-invent human nature, but to
make human relations more rational, free, and peaceful
In order to create this, there must be a foundation of the philosophy of
human nature.
The Liberal State
The state must be neutral on the stance of what the good life is.
Power must be non-existent in religious situations.
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Document Summary

The attributes of john stuart mill and all above. Mill will reply to kant"s moral philosophy with his moral theory of utilitarianism. It serves as an alternative to kantian deontology. What matters is the consequences of our actions, not the intent behind our actions. Justification for a negative consequence cannot be a good-willed intent. These consequences of our actions affect other people, so to disregard them completely is amoral. Jeremy bantham was the first to bring about utilitarianism. Utilitarianism purports that an action is morally right based on the net utility it produces and a minimal amount of human suffering. If we want to create a just society, one that uses utilitarian ethics would be most sound. Mill was a proponent of liberalism, which was created in the 18th century. The purpose of the government is not to re-invent human nature, but to make human relations more rational, free, and peaceful.

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