Politics Class 10
On what is power based?
Descriptive forms of power:
- size = when we talk about the size of power, we're interested in how much power people have.
- distribution = how much power a person has in comparison to other people.
- scope = the reach/range of power.
- domain = the place where power lies. (the locust of power)
What are the different kinds of power?
Economic - structural form of power. Power through production or wealth.
Personal - power of individuals persuading others toward certain beliefs/decisions.
Political - institutional form of power.
The Poverty Line
- More than 70% of income is spent of clothing, food, transportation, etc.
Power can be intentional, or it can be embedded within a structure.
Authority/Legitimacy - "the right to command"
Max Weber's 3 forms of power: traditional, charismatic, and legal-rational.
Traditional authority is tied to traditional methods. (ex. the monarchy of England, the power is passed
down through generations; House of Lords; patriarchy)
Charismatic: "the gift of grace": authority based on personal quality. Authority vested in personal
Legal-rational authority: the most important kind of authority; for Weber, the existence of rules and a
burocracy represents legal-rational authority.
Examples such as the Pope is an example of all three forms of authority.
- very traditional form of