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Lecture

POLS 110 Lecture Notes - Stateless Society, Ruling Class

5 pages78 viewsWinter 2013

Department
Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 110
Professor
Rob Beamish

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January 14, 2013
Thinking about the political
Beyond a monadic definition
Multidimensional
Heuristic framework- to provide us with a framework created to give us the
opportunity to think analytically about the political might be, a framework of
politics in different ways
What is politics about
Political ideas
The community and its affair- about the community rather then the
individual, the business of the community
Interests and their intersection- everyone has interests that they want
expressed, how everyone’s interests connect to each other
o There are connections between what I want and what you want
o Example. Ownership of something that is our ownership that stops
someone else from having it, interests that are of conflict of each
other.
o There are interests that co exist with each other, those that intersect
and cause conflict, others that don’t effect other interests in any way
and so on.
o Although everyone has a conception of his or her interests and
everyone will try to pursue their interests, all these can not be
completed as desired due to problems that come up against these
interests
o Where will thee interests and intersections be and what will be their
outcomes
Power, influence, and authority
o Political science isn’t interested in harmony and happiness but instead
where interests intersect with each other
o It is politics that determines when interests that are in conflict come
into conflict with one another
o Who’s interests overcome others, who is gaining advantage?
o The process by which some get their way and other do not, how some
have their interests reflected in outcomes and others do not
o Power is a process that is useful as is lets us look at how these
conflicts of interests are prevailed
o The tools of influence are used to change interests so conflict is
avoided
o Authority can be used to influence people and use power to get what
is wanted
o Its never in our interest to be threatened with negative consequences
so therefor because at the end of the day our interests remain in
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conflict even though we comply with the threat, it is power that is
implied to this
Rules- rules that are written down in law that we must follow
o What we really want to do is talk about how communities are
organized which has much more to do with informal rules rather then
formal rules of law
o Rules generically are usually rules of the game of how communities
work, politics is therefor always about those informal rules to be
followed
Governance: choosing the rules- politics is about choosing the rules of the
game to benefit the community
o The making of certain rules effects how people go about
o It basically encourages us to think about the interconnections
between these different elements
Interconnections
Multidimensional definition encourages analysis of interconnects
Community shaped by ideas and rules
o How communities are invariably shaped by the ideas and rules that
encapsulate those ideas at any particular time of day
o How we see these ideas leads to set of rules that will be ahead in any
time
o The rules and shape of the community will change over time and we
cant expect these to stand over decades
o Ideas are constantly changing
o People don’t generally like change but time causes these ideas to
change
o A change how a community decides to deal with a set of ideas
o If there is one element that is most clearly indicated by the passage of
time don’t change but then suddenly are replaced by others
Rules reflect interests
o A reflection of interests that last and those that don’t
Interests and power
o Who is getting their interest served and those who aren’t is seen from
power
Governance and power
o Revenues aren’t meeting expenditures
o How to government expresses their power through taken measures
o Example how a university ups its prices or course load
What is governance?
Making authoritative choices for and about the community
It is a process that makes choices for the community that are backed up by
authority and power
Regulating the public affairs of the community
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