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POLS 110 Lecture Notes - Proportional Representation, Minority Government, Instant-Runoff Voting

Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 110
Jonathan W Rose

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Ballot Structure: Three kinds of ballots
o Either/or choice
o Pick one
o Easy to understand
o Simple to vote/intuitive
o Ranking choice
o Greater choice
o More complex voting
Mixed ballots
o Ballots sometimes use come combination of categorical and/or
o Given more choice
o More complex
How many politicians per district?
Voter representation/ representation by population
o One person one vote one ballot
Local representation is important
Interests may be different in different regions
Disproportional When vote number doesn’t match seat number
The more seats there are in a district
o The more proportional the results will be
o The more smaller parties will get representation
Proportionality is the match between the vote share and the seat share
Strengths and weaknesses of different formulas
o Strengths
Clear winner
Allowed for local accountability
o Weaknesses
You can win with much less then 50 percent of the vote
Assumes a correlation between the interests of people and
where they live
o Strengths
Allows for greater legitimacy
Still has accountability
o Weaknesses
More complicated
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