POLS 110 Lecture Notes - Party System, Big Tent, Class Conflict

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
Course
Political Parties
Is their decline a symptom or a cause?
There is no country in the world without a party system
o Even countries like Saudi Arabia, there is a way you can collect the
interest of voters
The case for parties as public institutions
Receive annual allowance (based on votes) from the state
o No longer receive this
Individual limits on political donations
Bans on union and corporate donations
Reimbursed for partial cost of national campaign
Expense limits placed on national campaign
Like schools, hospitals, etc. as they hold a public trust, and hold a role that is
fundamental to democracy
The Case for parties as private institutions
No laws about how parties are created or by whom
No laws about the selection of leader
No laws about their organization structure or membership
Receive tax credit in terms of donations
o Made to support political parties
Funding comes in 3 forms: tax credits, public subsidies, and expenses
encountered during election
What do parties do?
Structure the vote
o A political party tells you where the ideological values of the citizens
lie
Integration and mobilization of voters
o Encourage and provide means for voters to become involved in their
democratic causes
o Providing a short-hand cue for the ideological values
Recruit leaders
o Provide talent pool by which the party can be assessed
Organize government
o In Canada, it usually means a one party government
o In other parts of the world it usually means a coalition between two
or more parties
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Document Summary

There is no country in the world without a party system: even countries like saudi arabia, there is a way you can collect the interest of voters. Receive annual allowance (based on votes) from the state: no longer receive this. Reimbursed for partial cost of national campaign. Like schools, hospitals, etc. as they hold a public trust, and hold a role that is fundamental to democracy. No laws about how parties are created or by whom. No laws about the selection of leader. No laws about their organization structure or membership. Receive tax credit in terms of donations: made to support political parties. Funding comes in 3 forms: tax credits, public subsidies, and expenses encountered during election. Structure the vote: a political party tells you where the ideological values of the citizens lie. Integration and mobilization of voters: encourage and provide means for voters to become involved in their democratic causes, providing a short-hand cue for the ideological values.

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