Elements of Ideology
o Beliefs of the state, policies are consequences of ideologies
Normative and programmatic
o Shows how they world show be; how we should act
o Helps fill in the blanks in the view of the world
o If there are too many inconsistencies, you have to question the
o Defines our social existence; tells us who we are
o Shapes our experiences
Ideal Diagnosis Prescription
o What is the major problem that is prohibiting the ideal (reality)
o The solution to the problem; how we identify the problem
Ideology Nature of society Problem Prescription
Liberalism All individuals are The role of the Limited
perfectible state as the state government
inhibits our liberty.
Conservatism Recognize that Society is too Adopt change
there are inherent quickly moving; carefully; slowly
inequalities there is too much To be sceptical of
(pessimists) change. change for change
Society is sake.
people who can,
and people who
Marxism It’s about the Capitalism was the Equality is needed.
money, not root of all evil. If an individual
individuals or it was the vehicle required more,
community. by which we they should have
The relationship to became alienated more; if you have
the means of by our labour; less needs you
production. which we were should have less.
Our work is defined by.