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January 28, 2013- The Nature of Sovereignty.docx

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Political Studies
POLS 110
Jonathan W Rose

The Nature of Sovereignty  Europeans rediscovered Greco-Roman ideas of political authority o Believed it was derived from human actions o Europeans in the feudal age believed authority came from God  Church derived power from the ignorance of the European masses and their leaders Collapse of Feudalism  Origins of the “modern” state o Emerged in the 1600s  Changes in political authority o Reformation/counter-reformation  The protestant reformation began in 1517 when Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the church in Wittenberg, Germany  Luther was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope in Rome, thus he split with the Roman church entirely and offered his own new interpretation of Christianity  Several princes within the Holy Roman Empire (modern day Germany) adopted Lutheran Christianity and reject the authority of the Pope  Giving them more control over their own individual principalities  Protestantism spread throughout the German states, the Low Lands, France, England, and Scandinavia  Catholic began to prosecute protestants in majority catholic countries like France  Counter (or Catholic) reformation  catholic church began to institute a few of the reforms Luther had originally proposed but also became more violent in the suppression of religious dissenters in Catholic countries (The Inquisition)  The Catholic/Protestant conflicts lead to numerous religious wars within Christendom o Wars of Religion  16 /17 century
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