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Pols241 Sept 10 Week 1 Lecture 2.docx

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Political Studies
POLS 241
Dru Lauzon

Pols241 Sept 10 Week 1 Lecture 2  In the 1960’s more than 30 countries in Latin America turned to dictatorship.  Until 1930’ o Latin American economies were export oriented  Sold their wealth and resources abroad to the US and Britain  Suppliers of raw materials, they didn’t manufacture anything themselves. Instead they bought (imported) manufactured goods. Low wages,  Had a “export led development economy” low taxes= o Have a cheap currency compared to that of buyers because they good for can sell more. competition  Low wages with other o If the cost of production, price of product and workers wage Latin goes down then the countries can sell more of the product. American  Low taxes countries. o Therefore you can sell the product for less because there is no government services, except for the army and police, due to the Quanity .vs. fact that the government has no way to fund the services quality because of low taxes.  Authority o Have militias, police ext o Regimes were authoritarian  1930s-1940s o Latin America moves towards a development model after they realize that they must sell what they make.  However, they realize that they need to sell to their own population. Therefore they start making things instead of exporting= creation of small industries.(ex. Bolivia, Argentina)  Therefore they create a cycle based on the domestic market  2 social classes emerge Have same macro- o 1) working class economic interest o 2) bourgeoisie  Control economy o Concept of latifundia= large holdings of land  1920s: social structure is very simple (similar to feudal system- aristocracy is in charge)  Changes with development of industry  Changes the politics and economic calculation o Don’t want low taxes and wages because otherwise population won’t buy domestic products.  There is a clash between Latifundia (basicall the aristocracy) and the bourgeoisie and working class (like democracy because it gives them a voice against the aristocracy.)  Aristocracy Had footholds in church and military (basically made up the whole government)  Therefore they wanted to use both to squash communism and get rid of democracy.  Believed they had a duty to act on behalf of their families to protect their assets. o Sold this concept to the Bourgeoisie  1) said communists want to kill you(exaggerate it)  2) TFA(Technolo gy Frontier
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