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Lecture 3

Pols 241 Sept 12 week 1 lecture 3.docx

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Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 241
Dru Lauzon

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Pols 241 Sept 11/2013 Week 1 lecture 3 (Role of the military and their motives)  WWII (during this time it was discovered that the best way to win a war was to bomb civilian base and factories) o Military changed  Had to become a mega organization  Had to reorganize according to rational and economic principles  Led to the process of professionalization.  Stepan argues that in Latin America this did not work out because the military became more political as it became more professionalized o The military instead decided to focus on internal rather than external threats. (lead to them wanting to spearhead the process of modernization)  They did this because:  1) the democratization of warfare  With napoleon warfare changed because he needed to mobilize a nation in order to defend France. (Had an army of 2 million people which was unheard of at the time) o Led to the creation of massive industries in order to clothe, feed and arm the army. o Led to the conclusion that the real weakness of armies is the civilian world. o As such, In latin America the military felt that society was their weakness due to lack of education, industry ect. As such they were interested in how to protect the people from being subverted by adding in courses on political science, sociology, psychology ect. o They were convinced that a weak society= weak country,  2) Underdevelopment  Latin America militaries felt that the real problem was backwardness and lack of modernization.  Believed that modernization would make the population resistant to communism. Therefore militaries wanted this modernization to happen as soon as possible. (eg. Canada)  Felt that modernization was the key to making the nation powerful and great.  50s-60s(co
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