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Lecture 3

Pols 241 Sept 12 week 1 lecture 3.docx

3 pages100 viewsFall 2013

Department
Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 241
Professor
Dru Lauzon
Lecture
3

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Pols 241 Sept 11/2013 Week 1 lecture 3 (Role of the military and their motives)
WWII (during this time it was discovered that the best way to win a war was to bomb civilian
base and factories)
o Military changed
Had to become a mega organization
Had to reorganize according to rational and economic principles
Led to the process of professionalization.
Stepan argues that in Latin America this did not work out because the
military became more political as it became more professionalized
o The military instead decided to focus on internal rather than
external threats. (lead to them wanting to spearhead the
process of modernization)
They did this because:
1) the democratization of warfare
With napoleon warfare changed because he
needed to mobilize a nation in order to defend
France. (Had an army of 2 million people which
was unheard of at the time)
o Led to the creation of massive
industries in order to clothe, feed and
arm the army.
o Led to the conclusion that the real
weakness of armies is the civilian world.
o As such, In latin America the military
felt that society was their weakness due
to lack of education, industry ect. As
such they were interested in how to
protect the people from being
subverted by adding in courses on
political science, sociology, psychology
ect.
o They were convinced that a weak
society= weak country,
2) Underdevelopment
Latin America militaries felt that the real
problem was backwardness and lack of
modernization.
Believed that modernization would make the
population resistant to communism. Therefore
militaries wanted this modernization to happen
as soon as possible. (eg. Canada)
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