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Lecture 5

Pols241 Oct.7 week 5 lec 1docx.docx

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Queen's University
Political Studies
POLS 241
Dru Lauzon

Pols241 Oct. 7 Week 5 lec. 1  The defensive project of the Bureaucratic Authoritarian regime structures the regime. o There is not point to having a military if there is no enemy  Therefore, once the communists are defeated the regime is in trouble.  As such they have a tendency to actively seek out enemies.  This also directly correlates to the military mindset because if something goes wrong there has to be an enemy. o Therefore, people who are too vocal/weird are labeled as enemies.  In BA regimes there is an inherent paranoia which equals an increase in repression. o This leads to the creation of the secret police to infiltrate groups and organizations in society. (ie. They end up casting a wider net)  Ex. Argentina: 50 % of the disappeared were from white collar (middle class) families as opposed to being people who were legitimate communists.  These regimes end up delivering insecurity and fear when they promised peace and quiet. o However, sometimes these regimes do not need to create enemies out of thin air because they end up creating enemies through their actions. (i.e the more the state represses the people, the more people get angry and rise up which leads to more repression.  Therefore, regimes create enemies through their actions.  This undermines the moral basis of their legitimacy. o Every movement started out peaceful but became violent once the regime went after them with force.  Movements radicalized because there were no options left.  Ex. Basques  This creates a polarization of society and eventually creates a cycle where repression= violent insurgency= more repression.  Example Spain o Late 1970s  Number one preoccupation is the violence caused by the state. (once unleashed it is difficult to stop)  People rallied around democracy because they were scared of the state.  Bureaucratic Authoritarianism teaches people to love democracy and the protection that the rule of law gives them. o In Latin America the bourgeoisie realized that they were living in fear, repression and insecurity  They cannot reason with the secret police and cannot control the state.  These regimes taught people the concept of SOCIAL VIOLENCE  First weakness of BA regimes  Included: denying the people food, work, healthcare, education, protection from being threatened and living in fear and terror.  Emerges specifically because people are saying that the conditions that they are living in have no protection of rights. o Therefore people start to put a name to what they are feeling and experiencing.  Start talking to their neighbors and they reject the use of force to solve problems.  Democracy becomes defined by a lack of violence  Ex. Czechoslovakia o Vernest Proti Nasiliu (the People against Violence)  Second weakness of BA regimes o Start to look self-interested  Leaders live well and are protected from social violence (their children are safe), they are clearly at the top of the regime and keep getting wealthier.  Ex. Argentina- they are heads of companies  People start to realize that they work for themselves( ie. Doing the same things that they said the politicians
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