Pols241 Oct.17 2013 Week 6 lecture 2
There are 2 cases where pacted transitions are not a possibility
o 1) totalitarian regimes
No moderated in the opposition, therefore cannot have pacted transition.
o 2) sultanist regimes
Led by one person/family- they consider the whole state and the people in it
there private property.
Do not allow moderates to exist
Ex. North Korea
o In these two cases only a coup form inside the country or foreign conquest can bring
Need moderates to have pacted transition
Opposition must transform themselves into moderates and embrace procedural democracy (not
substantive ) as well as promote democracy as non-violence.
Democracy is nothing more than a mechanism through which people can compete without
o Has to promise competition which needs to be protected=non violence (THIS IS
o First successful system that allows competition Roles of opposition in consolidated democracies
o Important even on consolidated regime like Canada
Ex. NDP resist integration into liberals
o Needs to recruit and mobilize people so they can oppose the government
o Needs to be able to dispute the regime
Ex. Role of liberals is to dispute the regime so they lose credibility by the next
o Ex. Calls certain members of the government of Canada corrupt, and thereby make it
difficult for the government to coast.
o Consolidated democracies mimic the moments of transition because the opposition is
always trying to topple the regime, but they do it in a non-violent way (elections)
But there are roles that are not functional in a consolidated democracy
o 1) define themselves as truth and the regime as a lie
Fits bureaucratic Authoritarian regimes because in BA regimes the opposition
would borrow the false image of the regime to fight them.
However in democracies there is no truth only opinions
o Thus if the opposition thinks they have the truth then they must
win and kill anyone who disagrees with them. This is
problematic for democracy because in a democratic regime you
need to give up the notion of tr