Pols241 week 10 lec 1 Nov.11
o Case of France
People have difficulty with the behaviors required for democracy
It took that long to consolidate because the different religious groups needed to
organize/mobilize themselves. And to realize that they could not eliminate the
others= democracy becoming the best option.
Therefore, it wasn’t the fault of the people
Stepan: democracy is a live and let live kind of system
o Using violence would result in transaction costs.
Side 1: monarchist forces
Side 2: Anti-Catholic fraction
Clashed between 1841-1870
o Ultimately realized that they could not eliminate others= the
creation of the 3d republic in 1870.
Ways to measure the length of time to consolidate democracy
1) voting rights
o Created universal suffrage for men which was consolidated only
in 1970 *before this voting was meaningless because only the
emperors vote counted)
o Women’s right to vote only created after WWII (with creation of
o Therefore, its only in 1944 where France is fully consolidated
(women and men have right to vote=democracy consolidated)
o 1) first fight for democracy after English civil war (1642-1646)
Opposes the king( parliament), attempts to stabilize the absolutist monarchy.
Parliamentarians were noblemen and were allied with the new
o Created large army, made up of regular people (won against
After the army meets and say that they risked their
lives, maybe we need the right to vote.
Therefore at the Puking debated (1647) it was argued
that common folk should have the right to vote (fails
because it is opposed by the aristocracy= argue that
only landowners should have the right to vote.)