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Pols241 week12 lec2 nov26.docx

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Political Studies
POLS 241
Dru Lauzon

Pols241 week12 lec2 nov26  Does Democracy require ethnic/linguistic homogenetity? o No (ex. Nigeria, Botswana, Canada) o If homogeneity is required we are all in deep trouble  Does democracy require that the citizens have to have an active will to be part of the country? o To a certain extent yes, need to want to participate in democratic process but not necessarily to be part of the national identity. (ex. Canada) o In most democracies people want to be heard (they want to belong because it pays, want to participate because it work = more utilitarian)  Ex. Canada: Quebec still participated in elections despite considering themselves Quebeckers first. o Utility plays a huge role  People participate without a sense of identity  Ex. France  Ex. Germany  EU: still gets people to vote despite people’s attachment to their own identities (ie. Italian first) o Ultimately, don’t need to trust each other to participate in the same democratic process  Ex. Canada: Northern Ontario distrusts southern part o Ultimately personal attitudes and self-definition can be shaped by conflicts  Transactionalism, neo-functionalism o Build a democracy first then people become democratic citizens  As people play the game they start to see it as natural until they eventually internalize the rules of the game.  Thus, democracy reshapes civil society. o Model of democracy based on utility  Pragmatic approach-John locke and England  Arica  1) Nigeria: decided democracy was worth trying… o Culture has nothing to do with it o Appeal to utility seems to be universal  A question of survival  Serves as a foundation of behavior  Pragmatism pre-disposes humans to democracy  Ultimately need a modern outlook to be democratic o Book mentions that Africas borders are artificial= means that they can’t have a democracy  However, border’s of Canada are also artificial because they are the result of treaties. This did not prevent democracy  No evidence that in Africa the borders are hindering democracies.  Many myths about the prospect of Democracy in Africa  Liberalization and Democratization o Do we need a market economy? o Do we need a bourgeoisie business class?  If we didn’t have it a competitive/adversarial model of democracy would not have developed because they have an interest in making sure that the state doesn’t control them.  Want to control the state and other classes through the state while remaining free themselves.  Eg. Eastern and central Europe o 19
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