Class Notes (808,560)
Canada (493,292)
POLS 264 (26)

POLS 264 Lecture Notes.docx

45 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
Political Studies
POLS 264
Kim Richard Nossal

POLS 264 World Politics in Historic Perspective Week 1 thMonday September 10 2012 OverviewNo lecturestutorials during week of 29 October 2012 writing week for essayhttpqueensucacidpPOLS264htmlTutorials 5Start week of 24 September 2012 after adddrop periodNo tutorial week of 9 October 2012No tutorial week of 29 October 2012Tutorial questions on exam proposed by TAEvaluated on attendanceparticipationAtHome Papers 51 page written at home or wherever you have internet access200300 words no more no less5 papers assigned at random throughout the courseDue before 1159 PM the day it is assignedResearch discuss reflect1 click opening no attachments name obvious1 point per submissionResearch Essay 40Topics TBA25003000 words2 possible submission dates tho November 5 handed back before the exam with comments from the profTA tho November 27 marked no commentsFinal Exam 502hour examLecture readings and tutorials separate parts for eachShort answeressay formatOffice HoursEmail for appointmentGenesisPurpose of the CourseTo think about why stuff that happened in the past is important to understanding the presentIdentifying the PuzzleUnderstand what were looking at o International relations o International politics o World politicsIs there a differencethTuesday September 11 2012 International RelationsThe relations between nations ie Canada and IranDifficulty is that the discipline has to be so much more than that The problematizing IR as a discipline1 POLS 264 World Politics in Historic Perspective o Focus on nations o Focus on relations th Development of a 20 century disciplineInternational PoliticsGoes beyond looking at relations as it includes a focus on various politics in the world IPIR but still focuses on nations which is problematicLoses sight of the fact that the nation is a recent inventionterm It didnt exist say 500 years agoWhen we focus on nation we lose sight of the fact of the history of what we are studying that contributes to its current stateWorld PoliticsFocus on politicsFocus on the worldPolitics at a World LevelThink about the world there are variable understandings of what the world means but we must consider historyThe worldwhat does it mean today o The whole earth and all of humanity therefore world politics is looking at the political arrangement between everyone o The problem is that it is AHISTORICAL This is a recent way of seeing the world and is broad to stream of humankind Historical Conceptions of the WorldThe world does not mean global does not encompass the entire earth and all humans HistoricallyCivilizedbarbarian dualityvery durable as seen through history o ie Greeks vs others around them 500 Greek polis vs Persians tho 17 century imperial Chinauncivilized lands Hua vsYi tho 19 century European imperialism vs lesser races of the new world thEUROCENTRISM carried through to the 20 century tho 20 century Nazi Rassenpolitik distinctions based on race Deutschblutig German blood all 4 grandparents are German grades of Mischling mixture grandparents are mix of Jewish and Slavs as Untermenschen subhumans This determined whether you lived or not Faithfulunbelieversconstant theme since invention of religion and state o ie Christendom vs heathen o Islam abode of peace vs all those outside house of war Intolerance to unbelieversConceptions bounded by geographic knowledge limited understanding of the world o ie known world vs terra incognita EuropeInhabited world vs terra nullis belonged to no one o Attitude of Europeans when they were colonizing o Never officially declared this while colonizing but this was the generalization of their actionsGiven these conceptions can we talk about politics at a world levelInstead politics at not a world level or less than a world levelWe want to capture internal dynamics of how people interact with each otherPoliticsFocus on nature of politics between different political formations and how resulting power is divided2 POLS 264 World Politics in Historic PerspectivePolitics Between GroupsFocus on TRADE movement of goods and servicesfocus on INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS ie UNGLOBAL GOVERNANCE o How to manage a complex system If this is what world politics is about we forget about the negative side of humankindWorld politics is also about WAR and SLAUGHTER o Also about individuals that put themselves in harms way War as part of world politics is also an individualistic enterprise seeking to do as much as harm as possibility to prevailGlobal politics is about SUBORDINATION we want to ask ourselves why certain folks take huge pleasure in dominationAlso about ENSLAVEMENT ultimate form of dominationThe Classical PerspectiveThink about what the politics of the world actually areIf you want to understand politics of the world you must focus on the anarchical nature of politics between communities o However this does not pertain to the chaos disorder or Hobbesian state of natureo Anarchywithout governmentHobbes on Interstate RelationsDistinction between what happens in sovereign state and the relation with sovereignsHobbes on relations between sovereigns and why that anarchical condition does not produce the same kind of misery as the anarchy in the hypothetical state of nature o Yet in all times kings and persons of sovereign authority because of their independency are in continual jealousies and in the state and posture of gladiators having their weapons pointing and their eyes fixed on one another that is their forts garrisons and guns upon the frontiers of their kingdoms and continual spies upon their neighbours which is a posture of war But because they uphold hereby the industry of their subjects there does not follow from it that misery which accompanies the liberty of particular menHobbes Leviathan 1651 chapter 13 On the Natural Condition of MankindthThursday September 13 2012 Consequences of Anarchy th No sovereignty before the 16 centuryNo overarching sovereignty Nothing sits above the 193 sovereigns in the UN This is truly anarchy o There is no government of the entire world The UN isnt the government of the world It is nothing more than an association of sovereigns It cannot governNo sovereign Hobbesian sense and therefore o No law and therefore note international law has no real authorityNo justice everyone decides on their own standard of justice If you disagree with a universal standard of justice nothing happens unless nations get together and decide to do something about it RatherSelfhelp the defining rulePower as the determining factorhow to prevail in a conflict with someone else o The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they mustThucydidesQuestioning the Anarchical TaleWe question it by looking historically anarchy doesnt always play out the same wayAvoid presentism3
More Less

Related notes for POLS 264

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.