PSYC 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Bsc Young Boys, Conscientiousness, Phallic Stage

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Week 21: Personality Lecture
- What is Personality?
o Personality is a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking
Relatively stable time across situations and over time
Differentiates one person from another
- Personality Perspectives
o Psychodynamic
o Humanistic (therapy) motivation to reach our full potential is what
our personality it Maslow, Carl Rogers learn about that on the
online lesson
o Trait typical way of conceptional
o Social-cognitive personality influences how I interact with
environment and vice versa Albert Bandura - learn about that on
online lesson
o They vary in how they think personality develops, how we describe it,
how we measure it, and how personality is different
- Psychodynamic Perspective
o Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
His work was developed when treating patients
Believed unconscious mind is the most powerful mind in
determining our personality
Id, Ego, and Superego of the mind
Id develops in infancy it is completely unconscious home of
impulse and desire purpose is to seek pleasure and
gratification
Ego develops a little later thinking and planning operates
on the reality principle somewhat unconscious, it is
conscious though
Superego develops the latest out of the 3 think of it as your
conscious (what is right and what is wrong)
Mainly driven by id: someone impulsive, pleasure seeking
Mainly driven by superego: overly controlling person
Mainly driven by ego: most psychological healthy of balanced
person according to Freud, regulate between impulse and
control
o Defense Mechanisms
Involve denying or distorting reality in some way
When id superego, ego employees defense mechanisms:
1. Repression (banish from consciousness) most powerful
defense mechanism according the Freud child sexual
abuse where someone completely represses memory from
adult life then remembers it happens later in life
2. Displacement (redirect to other outlet) shift to something
less threatening sublimation (valued by society) a type of
displacement shifting towards an outlet positive to
society
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Document Summary

What is personality: personality is a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking. Relatively stable time across situations and over time. His work was developed when treating patients. Believed unconscious mind is the most powerful mind in determining our personality. Id develops in infancy it is completely unconscious home of impulse and desire purpose is to seek pleasure and gratification. Ego develops a little later thinking and planning operates on the reality principle somewhat unconscious, it is conscious though. Superego develops the latest out of the 3 think of it as your conscious (what is right and what is wrong) Mainly driven by id: someone impulsive, pleasure seeking. Mainly driven by superego: overly controlling person. Mainly driven by ego: most psychological healthy of balanced person according to freud, regulate between impulse and control: defense mechanisms. Involve denying or distorting reality in some way.

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