PSYC 355 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Spectrogram, Phenotypic Plasticity

20 views3 pages
15 Mar 2017
Department
Course
LECTURE 8 (Week 9): Social Learning
1. Introduction to Social Learning
2. Evolution of Social Learning
3. Selectivity of Social Learning
4. Types of Social Learning
5. Testing for Imitation
1. INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL LEARNING
SOCIAL LEARNING
- Leaig though oseatio of othes atios, o the poduts of othes atios
A. WHITE CROWNED SPARROW SONG LEARNING
- Depiction of sound: Frequency change across time
- Bottom left: the song of a bird who had real exposure to other males
WHY DO RESEARCHERS CARE ABOUT SOCIAL LEARNING?
- Characterizing human and nonhuman learning mechanisms
- Animal Welfare
- Rehabilitation of wild groups
THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOOL USE
A. TOOL MANUFACTURE
- Trial and error (individual learning)?
- Learning from others (social learning)?
- Studies of New Caledonian Crows- Betty the Crow
B. NEW CALEDONIAN CROW TOOLS
- Will do some of the behaviours on their own, but they need some exposure to others to learn all
of the tool-use techniques
C. CHIMPANZEE TOOLS
3. EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL LEARNING
- Learning (both social and individual) allows an organism to change behaviour to fit changing
environments: a form of phenotypic plasticity
VAN BERGEN, COOLAN, & LALAND (2004)
- Learning in sticklebacks
- Picked the best food patch by copying others who are successful
- Whe idiidual atios aet okig the look to hat the goup is doig
- Cost-benefit analysis
WHEN TO ENGAGE IN SOCIAL LEARNING (LALAND, 2004)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class