PSYC 355 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: List Of Songs Recorded By The Seekers, Phenotypic Plasticity, New Caledonian Crow

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LECTURE 8 (Week 9): Social Learning
Lecture Outline
FAQ
Matters arising from the lab session
Upcoming lab sessions
1. Introduction to Social Learning
2. Evolution of Social Learning
3. Selectivity of Social Learning
4. Types of Social Learning
5. Testing for Imitation
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1. Introduction to Social Learning
Social Learning:
Learning through observation of others’ actions, or the products of others’ actions
Examples:
A. White Crowned Sparrow song learning Biological predisposition what’s built
into the bird if they didn’t have any input from other species
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2. The Development of Tool Use
A. Tool Manufacture
Trial and error (individual learning)?
Learning from others (social learning)?
Studies of New Caledonian Crows
original isolate bird produces something
o requires input and experience of hearing other members of the group
= social learning
can work upon behaviours that might be part of the species’
repertoire even when they might not use it
B. New Caledonian Crow tools
do some of the behaviour on their own
exposure to other bird behaviours that allows for good tool using
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C. Chimpanzee tools
behaviours learned from watching
o no one teaches them
important aspect of social learning via watching
o use trial learning (asocial learning) to become better at task
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