Major Theories of Developmental Psychology
- Piles of Theories
o Help us organize, predict, make sense of the world
o Frame how people look at the world, interpret situations, and make
- Vague theories can’t be proven wrong
- Psychological Trajectory
o Erikson: stages involve conflict resolution
o Bronfenbrenner: ecological systems model
o Piaget: schema, four stages, little scientists
o Bandura: reciprocal determinism, bobo doll
o Vygotsky: socio-cultural, zone of proximal development, social
o Core knowledge: sophisticated cognition tools
o Theory Theory: hypothesis testing
- Hypotheses cant be proven right
- Why have theories/frameworks?
o Human development is complex, varied, fascinating, exciting and
o What is normal?
o When to intervene?
- Piaget’s Legacy
o When Piaget was wrong about many things, he was right about others
o Huge impact on field
o He examined the mistakes that children made
o “Little Scientists”