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Lecture 2

Week 21 Personality Lecture.docx

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PSYC 100
Erica Refling

Week 21: Personality Lecture - What is Personality? o Personality is a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking  Relatively stable time across situations and over time  Differentiates one person from another - Personality Perspectives o Psychodynamic o Humanistic (therapy) – motivation to reach our full potential is what our personality it – Maslow, Carl Rogers – learn about that on the online lesson o Trait – typical way of conceptional o Social-cognitive – personality influences how I interact with environment and vice versa – Albert Bandura - learn about that on online lesson o They vary in how they think personality develops, how we describe it, how we measure it, and how personality is different - Psychodynamic Perspective o Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)  His work was developed when treating patients  Believed unconscious mind is the most powerful mind in determining our personality  Id, Ego, and Superego of the mind  Id develops in infancy – it is completely unconscious – home of impulse and desire – purpose is to seek pleasure and gratification  Ego develops a little later – thinking and planning – operates on the reality principle – somewhat unconscious, it is conscious though  Superego develops the latest out of the 3 – think of it as your conscious (what is right and what is wrong)  Mainly driven by id: someone impulsive, pleasure seeking  Mainly driven by superego: overly controlling person  Mainly driven by ego: most psychological healthy of balanced person according to Freud, regulate between impulse and control o Defense Mechanisms  Involve denying or distorting reality in some way  When id superego, ego employees defense mechanisms: 1. Repression (banish from consciousness) – most powerful defense mechanism according the Freud – child sexual abuse where someone completely represses memory from adult life then remembers it happens later in life 2. Displacement (redirect to other outlet) – shift to something less threatening – sublimation (valued by society) a type of displacement – shifting towards an outlet positive to society 3. Reaction formation (switch to opposite) – switch something to its opposite feeling of the unconscious 4. Projection (attribute to others) – denies something on yourself and project those feelings onto someone else 5. Rationalization (acceptable justification) – engage in behaviour for unacceptable behaviour and you justify it to yourself why it is appropriate (justifying behaviour) 6. Regression (revert to earlier stage) – abandons coping strategies and goes back to beginning - A girl is extremely attracted to her best friend’s boyfriend (unconscious) but is quite cold and rude toward him (conscious) – reaction formation example - An employee is really frustrated and angry with her boss so, when she arrives home, she yells at and punishes the family pet – displacement - A father feels compelled to act aggressively toward his children, but he reasons that the abuse is necessary to ensure that his children behave appropriately - rationalization - It’s clear to others that Serena is extremely angry with her mom but Serena feels that it is her mom who is the angry one - projection - Ted is a highly aggressive person, prone to violence, s
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