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Lecture 23

PSYC 100 Lecture 23: Psyc Notes Week 23: Mental Health: Treatment

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PSYC 100
Jill L Atkinson

Week 23: Mental Health: Treatment • Treatment of Psychological disorders o Historically: put to death, asylums • Kinds of professionals that treat mental disorders o Psychiatrists o Clinical Psychologists o Certified Canadian counsellors o Psychological associates o Psychiatric social workers o Psychiatric nurses o Counsellors/ Psychotherapists • Methods for assessing psychological disorders o Observations, interviews, questionnaires, paper and pencil tests, medical imaging, blood studies • Use of medication to treat psychological disorders • Effective treatment of psychological disorders o Most effective if clients believe it will be effective (placebo effect) • Use of medication and drug therapy to treat disorders o Drug therapy: pharmacotherapy is common, most drugs prescribed will affect neurotransmitters • Dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, GABA o Antipsychotic drug: used to primarily treat psychotic disorders o Anti-depressants: different kinds work on different neurotransmitter • Tricyclics: block the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): inhibit the enzyme oxidase that breaks down dopamine and norepinephrine in cells • Selective serotine reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): prevent the reuptake of serotonin in the brain o Anti-manic drugs: treatment for bipolar disorder and manic disorders o Anti-anxiety drug: not a long-tern "cure" o Electroconvulsive therapy: effective treatment for clients with depressive disor
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