Class Notes (836,517)
Canada (509,851)
Psychology (1,994)
PSYC 100 (1,094)
Lecture 6

Psychology notes week 6.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 100
Ingrid Johnsrude

Psychology notes: Week 6 10/17/2012 8:32:00 AM History of Treatment:  Early treatment methods  Traditional forms of psychotherapy: o Psychoanalysis o Humanist o Gestalt o (these are still used to this day by some psychologists) Behavioural Therapies:  Maladaptive behaviours: the problem we need to change this behaviour directly  Most techniques based on operant and classical conditioning o Better understand why they are effective o Operant conditioning: behaviour affected by consequences o Classical conditioning: assosiation between stimulus and natural response transferred to another stimulus  Eat popcorn while watching sad movie, now popcorn can start subconsciously be related to sadness  Operant conditioning: o Reinforcement of adaptive behaviours o We can apply this by reinforcing healthy habits with people who have disorders o Ex. Token economics (someone suffering from anorexia eats full meal at lunch receives a token as an award) o Modeling: imitate the successful behaviours of others (not really operant conditioning)  Watches someone else take part in what they consider a “scary” situation and it allows them to imitate their behaviour o Extinction of maladaptive behaviours: remove previously available positive reinforcers  Hypochondriac: slowly stop habit of going to doctors 4 st times a week, 1 step only go to waiting room and then leave slowly losing the habit o Punishment of maladaptive behaviours: administer negative consequences for undesirable behaviour  Physical harm(ethical issue) will we really punish someone just for having a disorder?  Classical conditioning o Systematic desensitization: (mostly for fears and phobias) pair increasingly feared stimuli with relaxation response(slowly increase the fear factor as you teach patient
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.