Class Notes (806,678)
Canada (492,402)
Psychology (1,978)
PSYC 100 (1,087)
Lecture 3

PSYC100 13/14 Week 3.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Queen's University
PSYC 100
Rana Pishva

Week 3: Health Psychology and Health Management Pearson Online: Health Psychology - The study of how individual, biological, and environmental factors affect physical health Stress Scales - Common measure of life stressors o Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) or Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale Stressful Lifestyles and Impaired Health - Chronic stress > unhealthy behaviours & stress hormones > weakened immune system > illness General Adaptation Syndrome - Framework for understanding physiological responses to stressors - Three stages when exposed to severe stressors o Alarm  Fight or flight response occurs • Organism’s responses center around the autonomic nervous system • Resistance to stressor temporarily drops below normal • May experience shock: impairment of normal physiological functioning o Resistance (Adaptation)  Body adjusts to stressors • Autonomic nervous system returns to normal functioning • Resistance to stressor increases to above-normal levels o Exhaustion  Body wears out • If exposure to stressor continues for a long enough time, ability to adapt is lost • Resistance falls dramatically; organism susceptible to illness/death - Long term psychological stress can also put organism through these stages Appraising Stress - Stress is the result of our appraisal and categorization of events based on how they will affect us, and the assessment of our capacity to respond to those events - Events taxing or exceeding resources are perceived as stressful - Secondary appraisal (cognitive) o Appraisal of ability to cope with threat/ control stressor o Involves a combination of psychological and physical resources  Self-efficacy • Confidence that one can perform the necessary actions to reach a satisfying outcome o Both cognitive appraisal and self-efficacy are related to attitude  Optimism and attitudes closely related to placebo effect Coping Styles and Strategies - Problem focused coping o Reduces or eliminates a stressful situation; only possible when stressor can be controlled - Emotion focused coping o Reduces emotional reaction to a stressful situation; includes regular aerobic exercise, progressive muscle relaxation, and cognitive appraisal- adjusting perceptions of stressors as less threatening - Proactive coping o Used up front to prevent or reduce stressful events; eg. Taking notes and reviewing - Stress inoculation training o Prepares people for negative effects of stressful events; provides skills to reduce susceptibility to these effects; exposes
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.