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Lecture 2

WEEK 2 ONLINE LESSON NOTES.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 100
Professor
Ingrid Johnsrude
Semester
Fall

Description
WEEK 2 ONLINE LESSON NOTES: the Ways and Means of Psychology THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD -focuses on verifiability and objectivity; empiricism 1. HYPOTHESIS -usually based on a theory -disprovable -reliability: results should be consistent across separate tests done -verifiability: testable by others, with the same results -generalizability: results can be applied to a larger population 2. DESIGN A STUDY 3. COLLECT DATA 4. ANALYZE DATA 5. DRAW CONCLUSIONS STUDIES: CASE STUDY -intensive study of individual participants; usual clinical studies NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION -collecting data in natural surroundings without disturbing or influencing behavior; no artifacts created SURVEYS/QUESTIONNAIRES -standardized set of questions -using sample groups and extrapolating information to be generalizable to the target popuation CORRELATIONAL STUDIES -statistical analysis that describes the relationship b/w 2 variables -used when variable manipulation is hard (eg. poverty v.s. sickness) EXPERIMENT -can infer casual relationships -can manipulate variables -subject expectancy effect: when results change, not because of the independent variable, but because the subjects e
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