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PSYC231 Week 1 Introduction to Personality Psychology.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 231
Professor
Angela Howell- Moneta
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC231 Introduction to Personality Psychology Jan. 9, 2013 ­ Forces and factors that shape personality ­ Each theory provides a piece to the grand puzzle ­ Personality styles can often change, but there are enduring aspects of our  personality that stay constant over time. ­ Don’t worry about the definition of personality Definitions of Psychology ­ How others see us  o Qualities we want people to see, qualities we’re not even aware of What is Personality: ­ Enduring and stable characteristics: o relatively stable o it depends on environment­gene interaction o consider situation/person interactions ­ Unique characteristics o Distinctive internal properties Personality in History of Psychology: ­ Study of the consciousness: o Qualities that can be observed and scientifically tests o Wundt o Academic psychology ­ Study of the unconscious: o Personality is the whole person o Freud (both conscious and unconscious) o Clinical psychology Assessment in Personality Study ­ Evaluation of personality o used for diagnosis, education, counseling, and research ­ Principles of measurement o reliability o validity Assessment Methods 1. Self­report inventories o Advantages: objective scoring, low cost o Disadvantages: reading level, social desirability o Ex. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) 2. Online Test Administration 3. Projective Tests o Ambiguous Stimulus o Rorschach inkblot test, Word Association, Sentence Completion o Advantages: unique scientific value o Disadvantages: low reliability/validity o Draw a person test (usually asked to draw themselves)  ▯look at how the  child draws/represents himself and his caregivers   Size in comparison to parents, accentuated features, etc.  Conflicts can be represented by thick lines,
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