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Lecture 4

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PSYC 235
Christopher Bowie

Developmental Lecture: Patricia Minnes Fri. Feb. 3, 2012 Developmental Disability Definitional Confusion Developmental Delay - Intellectual functioning > 2nd percentile and child’s age < 8 years Learning Disability - IQ in normal range but significant More Definitions Dual Diagnosis - Developmental Disability combined with significant Classifications Systems DSM-IV (1994) Definition - Significantly sub average intellectual functioning - IQ of approx. 70 or below - Deficits in adaptive functioning in at least two areas - Onset before the age of 18 years AAMR Definition (1992) - revised and expanded definition - raised the IQ cut off score to 75 AAMR Classification System (2002) - Dimension I: Intellectual Abilities - Dimension II: Adaptive Behaviour - Dimension III: Participation, Interactions & Social Roles - Dimension IV: Health - Dimension V: Context / Environmental Factors o Physical: Health, Fitness, Nutrition o Material: Housing, Possessions, Income o Social: Community Presence o Cognitive: Stimulation, Education, Choice Support Intensity Levels - Intermittent: As needed. Episodic, short term. High or low intensity - Limited: Consistent over periods of time - Extensive: Regular involvement in more than one environmental. Not time limited - Pervasive: Constant, high Support Needs Categories - Home Living Activities - Community living activities - Life-long learning activities - Employment Activities Etiology Time - Prenatal (before birth) - Perinatal (duri
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