• Anecdotes of atypical animal performances
• Experimental approach needed to solidify psychology as a natural science
• Puzzle boxes
• Trial and error
o Reward and punishment
o Measure rate of learning
• Stimulus and response
Law of effect: response that is reinforced will be remembered/learned.
Law of exercise: response will be more strongly connected with the situations it is paired with the most
number of times.
• Thorndike’s two laws thought to underlie all behaviour
Pavolv added physiology to behaviourism.
• Mechanisms of classical conditioning
Pavlov and Thorndike set the stage for a later revolution.
• Only chains of behaviour, no centrally-initiated mental processes
• Complex behaviour a collection of conditioned reflexes
o Based on the assumptions that we are not born with innate behaviours
• Desire to shape children into any career
BabyAlbert as typical emotional learning in normal setting, normal development.
Golden Age of Theory: spike in development of learning theories.