Psychology in Canada
• Social and political forces impact academia
• Institutions begin in Canada because British don't want their children studying inAmerica and
it’s too expensive to send them home to Britain
• Catholic church ran the universities in Quebec (except for McGill)
• Includes University of Ottawa
In general, schools founded from East to West.
Date of establishment doesn’t refer to the charter, but rather the year the first college was established.
• Most universities amalgamation of colleges
Laval was developed before U of Montreal, but for political control the Cardinal (of the Catholic
church) from Montreal won out.
Order of development of Canadian universities
3. U of T
5. University of Ottawa
6. University of Montreal
7. University of Manitoba
8. University of Western Ontario
10. U of Saskatchewan
11. U of Edmonton
These remained the only twelve for quite awhile. For a longer time, even when there were more the
newer ones were considered so low in prestige as to not be a true university.
W10 : 1 PSYC 397
Psychology made the switch from philosophy around the time of Federation.
James Mark Baldwin
• Setup first experimental psychology lab in Canada
• Trained in Liepzig
• Chair of Logic and Mathematics at U of T
• Began tradition of training Canadian graduate students
Psychology at Queen’s
• Stayed in philosophy much longer than other universities
• John Watson (not the behaviourist)
o Chair of mental health and morality
o Critical of experimental psychology
Had a lot of influence, and so we stayed with philosophy
To the extent where H