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Religious Studies
Course Code
RELS 131

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Readings 1 Part 1 Introductory Note Readings Pg. 1-9 Insider and Outsider perspective  Learning to be objective but is there only one truth?  Religious people speak from experience and outsider view is considered the scholarly view and secularization of the older views thus the difference religious vs. Secular study of religion East and west  Although there is no borderline the east is considered to be religions that contain sages and teachers with insight and western contain prophets with revelations Readings Pg 71-157 The Rabbinic Movement The second temple collapsed and power no longer rested with priests but rabbis (leader, master, teacher and legal specialists) and they wanted unified community to practice their law (rabbinic Judaism ( and it was not hereditary but handed interpretation of law to an educated class open to anyone seeking education and today Jews are rabbinic Jews and temple services are transformed into and recorded in synagogue. The Synagogue  Synagogues served as a place of assembly, study and prayer  Torah became the niche (eternal lamp) to be read in synagogues  Six panted star called Magen David is in synagogues Scripture and commentary  Five scrolls of the law (400 BCE) ascribed by Moses but completed afterwards 200 BCE (2 collections, law and prophets) and later development of sacred writings Midrash (see review quiz terms) – exact definition Repentance  Circles the concept of God forgiving if one repents  Procedure of repentance is person admitting to have done something wrong, true and honest sorrow for action and promise to never repeat action  Compensation to person that became hurt is still due (or capital punishment) and God accepts repentance because God knows intention  Rabbinic literature outlines religious law rather than religious ideology Commandments for Jews and Genitles  613 commandments (interpretations of Torah with these commandments to be followed)  Commandments given to Moses are at heart of the law  Sea commandments made by Noah to non Israelites, these are seven; prohibitions against blasphemy, idolatry, bloodshed, incest, theft and haram foods and recognition of true god s o they believed these moral laws are universal if they are to follow moral ethical monotheism  Believed that all worshippers of the One God including three Abrahamic faiths should tolerate and respect one another  Believe it is enough for anyone to be Jew if they are righteous and conversion is for the few that wish to join fate with Israel The Mishnah  Rabbinic Judaism consisted Mishnah and Talmud and had its own topical arrangements (agriculture, festivals, women damages, rituals and purification) summarizing traditional law as was interpreted (oral tradition with the written five books of Moses) with the claim that interpretations were just as God given as doctrines written explicitly in Torah  Pharises believed they were the true prophetic descendants with prophetic insight The Talmud  Mishnah of rabbi Judah became subject to passage by passage commentary came to be known
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