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Lecture 2

RELS 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sannyasa, Pranayama, Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELS 131
Professor
Aditi Sen- Chowdhury
Lecture
2

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RELS 131: Week 4 Lecture 2 Jainism
Recap
Mahavira and the Bridge Builders
Idea of non-action
Jain cosmology
Understanding the concept of non-violence in Jainism (how they view non violence)
Jain dietary laws (very important)
The only path to salvation is non-violence
Jainism and Ahimsa
Understanding the significance of the Swastika in Jainism
oSwastika is a holy sign in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism—speaks
about harmony in the East (India and Buddhist countries)
oNazi’s stole the symbol and used in a brutal way
Mahatma Gandhi
oImplications of food—Gandhi stated that there will be a day when we do not
know where our food comes from (who produced it)
oJains say to be aware of what you are eating (concern for violence)
oJains focus on the ethics of creating less violence food
Ecological Movements
oEcological awareness to be aware of everything that you are eating, to know
where your food is coming from and to make sure that it is created with
minimal violence (harm to animals)
Eco Feminism
Organic Farming
Summing it Up!
The term Hinduism
oHinduism was always the main religion in South Asia
Vedas (Ritualistic) Upanishads (Abstract Philosophy) and the Epics make a path between
the two
The Trinity (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva)
The Bhagavad Gita
Hero gods
The concept of Dharma
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