RELS 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali, Karl Jaspers, National Symbol

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CONFUCIANISM AND AXIAL - WEEK 5 LECTURE 1!
!
Revise a few things!
the caste system!
warrior!
producers!
low caste: they are there to serve the three upper castes !
the reactions against it!
Hinduism emerging as a combination of caste system and upanishadic ideals. the epics being
the major vehicle of finding the middle ground!
further development of the Upanishadic root. Yoga Sutra, Buddhisn, Jainism, Schools of
Philosophy.. a global impact!
!
gita is one of the attempts to save the caste system!
!
TREATISE ON DHARMA !
Rules about caste system!
Idea of twice born (Upnayana or Initiation ceremony)!
they have an initiation ceremony, you are born into a certain caste and then you are reborn!
Purity and Pollution!
Your previous lives decides your caste!
!
untouchability !
in becoming a Buddhism, ,a lot of inter marriage occurs!
the children of these mix castes became untouchables !
!
Laws of Manu (Manusmriti) !
intensifies caste system!
untouchability!
subordination of women!
elaborate rules of marriage!
!
Brahman man, if he married a women of a lower caste ... the child gets to be a Branham!
if he married a Shudra, they become untouchable !
If she marries outside of her caste, her child is still untouchable!
women cannot get outside of the caste system!
caste system is a form of social order!
societies are built to oppress!
as an untouchable how am i suppose to behave!
cannot even cast their shadow on you, let alone be touched!
The jobs they had, they were working in the funeral, cleaning up the village. the menial
jobs etc!
!
Four Stages of Life (Varnashrama Dharma)!
Student!
Domesticity!
Forest dweller!
Ascetic!
These stages are only for upper caste men!
!
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