RELS 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali, Karl Jaspers, National Symbol
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CONFUCIANISM AND AXIAL - WEEK 5 LECTURE 1!
Revise a few things!
the caste system!•
low caste: they are there to serve the three upper castes !◦
the reactions against it!•
Hinduism emerging as a combination of caste system and upanishadic ideals. the epics being •
the major vehicle of ﬁnding the middle ground!
further development of the Upanishadic root. Yoga Sutra, Buddhisn, Jainism, Schools of •
Philosophy.. a global impact!
gita is one of the attempts to save the caste system!•
TREATISE ON DHARMA !
Rules about caste system!•
Idea of twice born (Upnayana or Initiation ceremony)!•
they have an initiation ceremony, you are born into a certain caste and then you are reborn!◦
Purity and Pollution!•
Your previous lives decides your caste!•
in becoming a Buddhism, ,a lot of inter marriage occurs!◦
the children of these mix castes became untouchables !•
Laws of Manu (Manusmriti) !
intensiﬁes caste system!•
subordination of women!•
elaborate rules of marriage!•
Brahman man, if he married a women of a lower caste ... the child gets to be a Branham!•
if he married a Shudra, they become untouchable !◦
If she marries outside of her caste, her child is still untouchable!•
women cannot get outside of the caste system!◦
caste system is a form of social order!•
societies are built to oppress!◦
as an untouchable how am i suppose to behave!•
cannot even cast their shadow on you, let alone be touched!◦
The jobs they had, they were working in the funeral, cleaning up the village. the menial ◦
Four Stages of Life (Varnashrama Dharma)!
These stages are only for upper caste men!•