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RELS 226 (8)
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Monday October 22.docx

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELS 226
Professor
Sayeh Meisami
Semester
Fall

Description
Monday October 22, Week 7 Islamic Theory Theology of Islam (kalam)  Use of reason and logic to test the truth of religious statements so that this statement’s truth is not taken for granted.  Philosophy is interdependent and does not rely on religion. It begins with faith and ends with faith but there is no such guarantee in the philosophy.  In religion faith is prior to reason and vise versa in philosophy  Clashes between the two: Ghazzali-Ibn Sina-Ibn Rushd conflicts  Theology served jurisprudence (law) and the Theologians served the scholar-jurists. If you needed help with the laws of Islam and how to go about doing things, you were to go to Theologians.  The problem of “Grave Sinners”. If people commit a grave sin, is this person still a Muslim or an Infidel? Two groups emerged from this idea, the Kharijites (early fundamentalists: against the idea… you are not a Muslim if you commit a big sin. If you are not in an Islamic country you are not a Muslim because you will have to do things that are against your religion) vs the Murji’ites (it is for God to judge, so you are still a Muslim until they are judged by God. You can be a Muslim anywhere as long as its in your heart) Theology and Politics  During Ummayad Dynasty, the Jabarites (pro-Ummayad and pro-state, believe in predestination) vs the Qadarites (anti-Ummayad, believe in free- will) Systematic Theology  The Abbasyd House of Wisdom, (the effort to try to understand in a systematic way, faith)  The Translation Movement (Translated from Syriac and Greek to Western languages so that Aristotle could be reintroduced) The Mu-tazilites  Islamic rationalism and the continuation of Qadarism (free will), elaborating on it.  Used a lot of Greek logic  Thought that reason and revelation were complimentary and if you see contradictions it is because you are not reading it correctly. So they came up with reasonable interpretations of things although harshly criticized
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