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Lecture

SOCY 122 Lecture Notes - Metatheory, Thomas Kuhn, Talcott Parsons


Department
Social Sci, Edu and Soc Work - Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 122
Professor
Rob Beamish

Page:
of 2
Week 13
Metatheory, Science, Language, & Sociology
Engaging with The World
Frey argues there are three levels:
Contemplative
Observe the world around, the human mind has two elements: one is the
intellect, one is the emotions; when we observe our surroundings with intellect
we connect with them and continue to classify, once we realize it is not what we
want we decide to stop
Active
The language of verbs, of doing something, intellect and emotions come
together as we act
Imaginative
You use the full range of the human language, there are no limits to intellectual
creativity, arts flourish, as dramatic and critic the world of imaginative is, it does
nothing. You must work back to the active stage
Science and the Arts not completely divergent
Frye argues: highly developed science and art are very close together, they are not
that different, psychologically and otherwise, the two worlds are very similar, one
needs the other to flourish
Science and the Arts
Science:
Stems from the intellect
Emphasis on observation and classification
Generalizations
Science progresses in accuracy (observation and classification) and utility (what
are the useful outcomes of science)
Draws upon creativity of emotions and imagination, you have a reason for
progressing a scientific research project (emotional commitment)
Language theory is at the centre of the scientific world
Arts:
Stem from the emotions
They are limitless in potential
Comparative standards of excellence
What you create has to relate to people therefore you need to connect with the
imperative world
Sociology, Science & The Arts
The notion of a relatively enduring reality:
Language and creativity are critical to sociology’s comprehension of complex social
world
The domain of sociology is the world of action, it is the level to which we humanize
the world,
Sociology, Science, & Language
Thomas Kuhn: through accumulation there was improvement, through
improvement there is progress
Rejected for scientific progress
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The Modern Episteme
Michael Foucault
Human kind creates order to its world (the intellect begins with some principles of
order to observe and classify)
The episteme “the fundamental code of a culture” change is part of the ordering
frame work
Sociology’s Orthodox Consensus
No single paradigm has fully dominated sociology
There have been attempts to do this
Late 1940s-1960s “orthodox consensus” - structural-functionalism and naturalism
Key figure is Talcott Parsons
Substantive resons
Time and place
A scientific approach to social phenomena
Moving Beyond Parsons
Parsons drew heavily on weber
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