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Lecture 14

SOCY 122 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Doxa, Symbolic Capital, Symbolic Power


Department
Social Sci, Edu and Soc Work - Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 122
Professor
Rob Beamish
Lecture
14

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Week 14- Engaging with the Social World (2)
Discuss the issues related to the integration of structure and agency in sociological thought
The basic domain of study of the social sciences is neither the experiences of the
individual actor, nor the existence of any form of social totality, but social practices
ordered across space and time
The basic domain is neither agency nor structure- its social practices across space and
time
If the basic domain is social practices ordered across space and time, then:
Social action is a continuous flow of conduct (emphasis added)
Human social activities, like some self-reproducing items in nature, are recursive
From myriad of ways of acting - social actions are recursive practices (recur or reoccur)
Social actions are not brought into being each time
Social actions are continually created/recreated (produced/ reproduced)
Why social action is recursive
o Action not created de novo
o Draws upon existing knowledge (learned ways of carrying on in a situation)
o Not completely and automatically self reproducing like DNA
o Produce and reproduce nonetheless
o Reflexive monitoring of social action - reflexive knowledgeability
Identif and eplain the ke onepts involved in Anthon Giddens’ “struturation theor
Reflexive knowledgeability
o Individuals highly sophisticated, knowledgeable agents
o Discursive consciousness (explain their actions) and practical consciousness (simply
know how to go on)
o Knowledge is not contingent upon action (not after the fact) - is structures, shapes,
constitutes action (exists before the act)
o Knowledge enables and constrains action
o Duality of structure
Duality of structure
o Think about the rules of language
o Enable and constrain
o Formulated rules (shallow, discursive, formalized, strongly sanctioned)
o Non-formulated (informal) rules (intensive, tacit, informal and weakly sanctioned
rules)
o Reflectively monitor action
Reflexively monitor action
o Reflexive- a reflex (unconscious, automatic, chronic process_
o Monitor own conduct; actions of others; physical spaces
o Intended and unintended consequences of action
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