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SOCY 210 (136)
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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 210
Professor
Vincent F Sacco
Semester
Fall

Description
TraditionalInformationpassedonthroughsocializationAcquiredfromculturesocialinstitutionscommonknowledgeCumulativeknowledgeFoundinreligioustractsoraltraditionsaphorismsoHonestyisthebestpolicyoSlowandsteadywinstheraceoAleopardcannotchangeitsspotsetcAframeworkthathelpsustounderstandtheworldNoselfcorrectingmechanismsoyouwillendupwithcontradistinctionsoLookbeforeyouleapBUThewhohesitatesislostoOppositesattractBUTbirdsofafeatherflocktogetheroNopainnogainBUTifyoucantstandtheheatgetoutofthekitchenAuthorityComesfromthosewhoholdsomestatusandsupposedlybyimplicationofexpertiseTheimportanceofcredentialsoProblematicaswebelievepeoplewithcredentialscanspeakwithequalauthoritywitharangeofdifferentareastheydontknowanythingaboutTheimportanceofcelebrityoJennyMcCarthyBlamedavaccineforhersonsautismconvincedtheworldnottogetthisvaccineVictimsasauthoritiesoJohnWalshvictimizationisasourceofcredibilitysonwaskidnappedandmurderedhestatedachildmovementthatbroughttocongressdespitethefalseinformationaboutkidnappedchildrenoIdeathatbeingavictimgiveyoucredibilityandpeoplelistentoyouCommonsenseReferstowhateverybodyknowsandwhatisselfvalidatingCommonsenseandantiintellectualismAnimportantroleforsociologistshasbeenthedebunkingofcommonsenseCommonsensebecomesawaytothinkoftheworldwithoutproofselfevidentoStouffersStudyoftheAmericanSoldierCommonsensewasapoorguidetothenatureoftheempiricalworldBettereducatedmenshowedmorepsychoneuroticsymptomsthanthosewithlesseducationMenfromruralbackgroundsinbetterspiritsthanthosefromcitesThosefromsouthernclimatesbetterabletostandtheheatinsouthseaislandsthanthosefromnorthernclimatesAslongasfightingcontinuedmenweremoreanxioustoreturnhomethantheywereafterthewarendedCommonErrorsinHumanInquiry1InaccurateobservationsCausalsemiconsciousobservationmistakeWemaymissinformationlossofaccuracybasedonassumptionsAnimpressivebodyofmainlysocialpsychologicalevidenceattestsourlimitationsinthisrespectattentionblindnesschangeblindnessoWedonothavetheconfidencetoseethingswithoutdisciplinemostofthetimewearecompromisedInaccurateobservationasanartformmagicmakespeoplelookatoneplaceorthingwhilesomethingelseishappeninginanother2OvergeneralizationAssumingthatafewsimilarevensareevidenceofageneralpatternFromexperienceourlivesaretypicalofotherpeoplewespendtimewithpeoplelikeisoThereisalargedegreeofvariabilityoncewestepoutofthisshellFrommediaportrays3SelectiveobservationconfirmationbiasConcentratingonobservationsthatfitthepatternortheoryweareusingtoexplainaparticularphenomenonwhileignoringothersourcesofdataColdreadershavetheabilitytotalktothedeadtheyaccomplishthatthroughfraudandcoldreadingoWorksthroughconfirmationbiasoMakesnoneditedmissesbutitworksaspeopletendtorememberthehitsratherthenthemissesoUsessocialpsychologicaltrickstogettherepersontotellyouthingstosaythingstothemthatsoundsmorespecificthentheyactuallyareselfvalidatingformsthatmakeittrue4IllogicalreasoningReachingaconclusionthroughthemeansthatarenotlogicaloGamblersFallacyBeliefthatifanoutcomehashappenedaoftimestheprobabilityofthenextoutcomeincreasesoRegressionFallacyIfthereisparticularensureofsomethingandyougetanextremescoreitisextremelylikelythattheextremescorewillbefollowedbyaveragescoresPeoplewhoaretallwillhaveshortchildrenandviceversaHiringmorepoliceifthereisanincreaseincrimeratewillhelpdiminishtheofcrimesbeingcommittedoSharpshooterFallacyInvolvesdrawingthetargetaftertheshotshavebeenfiredAwayofassociatingthingsthatdontbelongtogetherLincolnandKennedyexamplethe27
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