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Lecture 7

SOCY 226 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Erving Goffman, Symbolic Interactionism, Social Capital


Department
Social Sci, Edu and Soc Work - Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 226
Professor
Ryan Martin
Lecture
7

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SOCY 226 Rational Choice, Everyday Life and The Self
Outline
Rational Choice Theory
o Maximization of Individual Interests
o Human and Social Capital
o Structural and Cultural Constraints on Self-Interest
The Turn to Everyday Life
o What is a Self?
Managing the Self
o Impression Mangement
o Dramaturgy: Performing and Presenting the Self
o Performances and Roles
o Encounters and Frames
o The Interaction Order
Structures and Representations
o Total institutions
o Misrepresentations
o Stigma
o Passing
Conclusion: Is there a self?
Rational Choice Theory
Key Ideas
o Maximization of Individual Interests
All actions are carried out to increase the actor’s realization of
interests
o Human and Social Capital
The rate of return on investments in human capital
(education, health, training) determines individual and
organizational behaviour
o Negotiating Scarce Resources
Societies have scarce resources those able to maximize their
utility in these markets are those best able to use their human
and social capital
o Structural and Cultural Constraints on Self-Interest
RCT often ignores the structural and cultural constraints that
actively impinge on individuals (power, gender, expectations,
interpersonal)
The Turn to Everyday Life
What is everyday life?
o That which we presume to be unremarkable, familiar or mundane
o Things that are routine and repetitive
o Things that seem private or personal
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