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SOCY 226 (57)
Lecture

SOCY 226 Week 1-2 Readings.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 226
Professor
Rob Beamish
Semester
Fall

Description
Fyre: The Motive for Metaphor - What is the relation of English as the mother tongue to English as a literature? - What is the social value of the study of literature, and what is the place of the imagination that literature addresses itself to, in the learning process? - Three levels of the mind and a language for each of them: o Level of consciousness and awareness; language of self-expression o Level of social participation; language of practical sense o Level of imagination; languages of mathematics, literatures and music - Science begins with the world we live in and then moves toward the imagination - Art begins with the world we construct and then moves toward the ordinary experiences - Arts and sciences can’t be distinguished by the mental processes the people in them use o Both operate on a mixture of intuition and common sense - Science learns more about the world as it goes on; it evolves and improves - Literature begins with the optimal model of experience, and what it produces is the literary model we call the classic Kant: What is Enlightenment? - Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity - Immaturity is the inability to use one’s understanding without guidance from another - Immaturity is self-imposed when its cause lies not in lack of understanding, but in lack of resolve and courage to use it without guidance from another - Sapere Aude [dare to know] - “Have courage to use your own understanding!” – Motto of enlightenment - Laziness and cowardice are the reasons why most men remain in immaturity, while other people establish themselves as their guardians (e.g. doctors, pastors, physicians, etc.) - Men do not need to think, they can just pay so the guardians can do the work - The guardians have seen to it that taking the step to maturity is very dangerous and difficult - Kant believes the danger is not actually so great o After failing a few times, they would in the end certainly learn “to walk” o However, an example of this kind makes men timid and usually frightens them out to attempt further - If the public is allowed freedom, namely the freedom to use reason publicly in all matters, enlightenment is almost inevitable - Revolutions can never truly reform a manner of thinking; the new prejudices will take the place of the old prejudices as a “leash” for the great unthinking mass - Kant believes we do not live in an enlightened age, but rather an age of enlightenment Cassirer: The Mind of the Enlightenment - 18 century is imbued with a belief in the unity and immutability of reason - Enlighten
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