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Lecture 4

SOCY 273 Lecture 10: SOCY 273 - WEEK 4 - The Social Psychology of Stratification

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SOCY 273
Lisa Carver

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SOCY 273 WEEK 4 Tutorials - Midori Ogndawara, MC E229 - March 2 first tutorial - Mon march 20th quiz in lecture (Monday) LECTURE Social Psychology of Stratification - Social Stratification: the way in which individuals are ranked in society, reflecting different amounts of power status and prestige o Important statuses, class, race, gender, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation - Sociological social psychology emphasizes stratification to a much greater degree than psychology - Symbolic interactionist are concerned with how we create and maintain definitions of different classes of people - Social structure and personality scholars focus on how structural conditions often relate to work education or family settings - Group processes Interactionist Perspective: studies stratification processes of developing and maintaining differences within and among groups of people - Ways of creating and maintaining social class stratification o who we interact with (status of the human resources accessible) o how we interact with other people o resources available to us - symbolic interactionist have argued that interacting partners generally have… lol idk - more powerful people do not need to understand their co-workers o thoughts and emotions in much detail o nor do they need to view their own behaviours through the eyes of others - less powerful interactants do need to understand coworkers o anticipate the boss’s moods and whims to prioritize tasks - higher status=the ability to define the social situation themselves - Othering: people separated into us and them; self and other o Higher status individuals create definitions about themselves and the other  Higher status is superior  Lower status groups are flawed therefore okay to treat them differently  Engage in oppressive othering  Different and deficit, incompetence intellectual inferiority - Bottom up othering (defensive othering): responding to oppressive definitions imposed but the higher-status group o other themselves, separating themselves from a peer group stereotype o provides self-dignity but perpetuates the dominant stereotype as true Rigging and Fixing the Game - combining symbolic interactionist and conflict theory to explain how inequalities are created and maintained in society - individuals with high status (including corporations who are often treated as individuals in terms of legal protection) actively participate in the manipulation of both formal norms and informal norms found in everyday interactions that favor them thus allowing them to accumulate capital at the expense of others - manipulate who gets to play the game in first place - according to Schwalbe you have a better chance at success if you grew up in a safe neighbourhood, with books, had enough to eat, and not having a family life disrupted by economic emergencies Physical Appearance - good looking people generally do better in life than less attractive people in just about every area including, receiving higher incomes, getting better evaluations, and lower interest rates on loans - the wealthy have more control over their looks, clothing hairstyle, money for surgery Doing Difference: any way in which inequality in any form is perpetuated during our interactions - intersectionality: overlapping and intertwining systems on inequality - socioeconomic status: the components are usually highly intertwined The Wisconsin Model of Status Attainment - ties together the relative impact of social background characteristics and ability on long term status attainment - the results of the Wisconsin study does not hold true in more current research - access to education - Genetics has an influence in status attainment and it has been shown to vary over time Social Networks and Capital - Strong ties: people we are close to, family and friends - Weak ties: people we do not know as well such as acquaintances and distant friend, they are very important for finding work Kohn and Schooler – Model of Status Attainment - The feedback loop influences the development of values that in turn influences the type of work we look for - The occupation you choose also influences your personality - Closeness of supervision, routinization of work, and substantive complexity can have long term effects on our values Stratification within a group - Social exchange theory, is based on the premise that individuals enter into relationships that provide them benefits and end relationships that they do not benefit from - Homan’s experience, important that he listened to them - Basic principles of social exchange theory o Exchange re
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