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Lecture 5

Social Disorganization (week 5).docx

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Queen's University
SOCY 275
Stacey Alerie

12/21/2012 9:48:00 AM Crime and Delinquency research Social Disorganization Theories Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay  Rapid social change causes delinquency o (process of domination)  Juvenile delinquency was rooted in detachment from conventional groups o Lead to engagement in crime o Crime was environmental and based on relationships with people in that environment-  Study the processes by which detachment occurs  Delinquents as normal, illegal activities, intertwined within the environment Analyzed police and court records, focused on life histories 3 conclusions from the study of neighbourhoods  Physical status o Neighborhood with most crime that were located within or close to industrial area, central business district (zone 2) o Rapid social change, poor housing, constant change, due to industrial invasion  Economic status o Highest delinquency was lowest economic status, (welfare) o The area caused crime, not the economic status, o The depression, economic status associated to neighborhoods  Population composition o Higher concentration of foreigners, zone 2 , o Delinquency stayed the same even with groups leaving and coming in. o Racial groups were not the cause, but the neighborhood.  Too much turnover. Social disorganization  Disrupts symbiotic relationships between people, equilibrium  Certain areas have more crime Micro level  Life history analysis for additional findings  Delinquents were not different from people in normal society  Neighborhood institutions , disintegrated delinquency neighborhoods  Traditions, norms, values, have disintegrated in neighborhoods with delinquency o Delinquents are exposed to areas with no control for their behaviour o Some neighborhoods supported delinquency (opportunities) o Minimal training and encouragement for conventional activities o Poor buildings, and environment assist in delinquency  Delinquency starts early o Tradition, handed down from older youth in the neighborhood to younger kids  Normal methods of official social control o Laws, fines, police, o Don't do anything in these neighbourhoods o No one is watching,  Delinquency and social problems are a result of invasion, dominance, succession o Social disorganization , residential mobility, turnover, o Always disrupting stable order in neighbourhood, destroying relationships o Zone 2 was constantly invaded and has most social disorganization o Always the victim of succession Chicago area project  22 neighbourhoods in specific areas  Control was in hands of residents o Change must come from people within neighbourhood o Natural processes involving people in that neighbourhood  1 Function. o Coordinate community resources  Church's, schools, all working together to solve problems.  No longer separate institutions  2. Function. o Sponsor activities  Sports, after school activities, classes,  Bring people together  Evaluated base on goals, if it accomplished goal
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