Utopian vison- positive contribution of technology to social change. Idea that development in science and tech have primarily positive effects. Idea that societies can be better through scientific and technological advances. Increased control over nature to make our lives easier. Idea has been contested- dystopian visions of progress: ex. Dystopian- ludietes during industrial era, who destroyed machines as they feared they would lose their jobs: ex. Dystopian- tech has negative effects on interpersonal relationships- relationships become empty and unreal- virtual vs. face to face relationships- we lose our humanity and lose our ability to maintain long term relationships (sherry turkle) Dystopian view- technology has negative impact on social life. Utopian and dystopian views have commonalities: 1. Depth and scale of social change induced by technology. Both see that change caused by technology is on a large scale order of society, or at least on major building blocks of society- macrosocietal change: 2.