325 Foundations of knowledge in everyday life
Marx theory and berger and luckman. Parsons as well. Then bourdieu.
Theme- social theorists focus on structure or agency.
Berger and luckman
Society as objective reality
Berger and luckman are involved with the social construction of reality. How does
human activity create the world of things. How I the social world constructed.
Everyday life begins in individuals actions and thoughts.our thoughts come from
what we create. Thoughts and actions are focal point
We deal with multiple realities. the world we live in is comprised of multiple
realities. Eg university, parents, peers, sports. All. Utile realities that we juggle
and move between. Reality of everyday life is taken for granted. It is the
dominant reality we deal with. It is an ordered reality. Prearranged patterns
independant of apprehension of them. It's objectified. Objects that existed before
we appeared them. Society is an objective reality. It's ordered and we are the
ones who move through it. The everyday life structures our activity. It is already
structured and it structures us. We share our understandings of the objectification
of the world with others. It is an inter subjective world. Interaction is the primary
basis of everyday life. It reveals subjectivity. Face to face is the prototype of
interaction. These interactions are based on schemes of typification. It is a
continuum from face to face typifications to anonymous and generalized
typifications. Reciprocal process of typifications during interactions. Teacher vs
student. Parent vs child. We draw on recipe knowledge and stocks of knowledge
that structure our interaction. Typifications exist in stocks of knowledge.
Everyday life and face to face to interaction and the creation of knowledge. Main
focuses. They focus on everyday life. Everyday life encompasses a lot oh
Social structure is the sum of reciprocal typifications.social structures make up
reality. Interactions are part of a larger social structure. It creates society as an
Interaction leads to knowledge. Eg Marx and labour force.
Language and communication makes up interaction. Language is central tool in
face to face interaction that created typified interactions. We create our world
through thought and actions. Thoughts and actions are made through language.
Humans express themselves through objectification. We externalize our
subjectivity. Language creates signs and communications. Which is central to
everyday life. Our lives centre around language that creates knowledge.
Objectification allows for the creations of signs. Our actions create objects. We
externalize our subjectivity in actions, using language, signs, and communication.
A structured set of meanings- language. Meanings get interpreted.meaning is
constructed through language. This is knowlege.
Language creates signs and it transfer meanings. Language reveals subjectivity
in interaction. Language is expansive. Knowledge
We draw upon stocks of knowledge. Unconsciously and automatic. It is a part of
us. Language allows know,edge to accumulate. Different stocks of Knoeldge give
typification schemes for the routine for everyday life. We use stocks of Knoeldge
for every reality we live in. Different stocks f knowledge for different realities.
Human action creates a world of things. Human actions creates society as an
Humans are biological species. Our biology has thoughts and actions that create
the world around us. our action is always social action. Our actions are
interactions, that draw upon stocks of knowledge. Our true nature is beyond
biology. We create the world in which we live. Materially and socially. It is a
structured reality that has some permanence. Our true nature is sociocultural.
Social interaction creates the world. Humans creat